Batess, A. (2009) Telephone Interview.

Alex Batess is an administrator and co-founder of an up and coming online community that has taken full advantage of the rise of social media. His thoughts and insight proved relative to this research as his community is a direct result of the rise of this ever evolving type of online media.

Behr, S. (2009) Facebook Interview.

Steven Behr is a firm believer in the internet being an accelerator of revolutionary ideas and changes. His views on the e-revolutions proved insightful to predicting just how much the internet is capable of effecting as its users spread revolutionary views at speeds that will force event governments to take notice.

Boyd, D & Ellison, N (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11.

The work of Boyd and Ellison proved to be very important to this research, as it details the birth and growth of online communities and social networking. From the very first SNS to Myspace and Facebook, this work leaves nothing out, making it essential to research in this field.

Chafkin, M. (2007). How to kill a great idea! Inc. Magazine. Retrieved February 1, 2009 from

This article gave insight into the rise and fall of the very first SNS phenomenon, Friendster. As the blueprint for both what to do and what not to do in making an SNS, this article detailed the background of Friendster and even included an interview with the creator of the site. This information was helpful in showing what Myspace and Facebook and other sites learned from Friendster.

Douglass, R. T., Little, M., Smith, J. W. (2005). Building Online Communities With Drupal, phpBB, and WordPress, Apress.

This work by Douglas showed how online communities have formed using several different platforms, including the bulletin board used by the community researched for this project. This explained the changes made recently to adapt and stay relevant in the rise of SNS.

Lucas, J. (2009) Telephone Interview.

Johnathan Lucas is a co-founder and administrator of the online community researched for this project. He explained the usefulness of joining a niche community online and how it allows communication among those that share common interest, where offline communication between these individuals is not readily available.

Preece, J., Maloney-Krichmar, D. and Abras, C. (2003) History of Online Communities (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Community: From Village to Virtual World. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

This work by Preece showed an early history of how the first online communities formed and how they led to the first SNS’. This added more background information to the project and detailed online communication and its history.

Rheingold, H. (2002). Smart mobs: The next social revolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus

Howard Rheingold explains how social media can be harnessed by individuals acting in unison with others that they do not personally know and still accomplish powerful results. He gives examples of smart mobs that have formed all over the world and accomplished things that would have not been possible just a short time ago before social media came into play.

Shirky, Clay. (2008). Here comes everybody : the power of organizing without organizations / Clay Shirky Penguin Press, New York :

Clay Shirky’s book is an essential piece of literature in the topic of social media and what its creation has meant. There are several examples in his book that show its effects both online and offline. This book is very important when trying to predict where this media is going in the future.

Smith, M. A., & Kollock, P. (1999). Communities in cyberspace. London, UK: Routledge.

Thomas, Clive S. ( 1993). First World Interest Groups, A Comparative Perspective, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

This work by Thomas showed what people were doing before the rise of the internet and the ability to communicate quickly over vast distances. The formation of interest groups by those living in physical communities would later become the global reaching online communities of today.

Trippi, J. (2008) The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Democracy, The Internet, and The Overthrowing of Everything. New York: Harper.

Joe Trippi gives a very modern and relevant account of how social media has played an important role in our society, especially in the political realm. Social media is a powerful medium to carry a message, as shown in this book. This also supported this projects theory of online work getting offline results.

Tu, C. (2004). Online Collaborative Learning Communities: Twenty One Designs to Building an Online Collaborative Learning Community. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.

Tu gives good advice on creating an online community. While in the end it focused on communities set up to educate others, it is still a very relevant piece of work as it details creation tips any type of online community would use.

Werry, C. and Mowbray, M. (2001). Online Communities. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

2 Responses to “Annotated Bibliography”

  1. […] The Past of Online Communities The Present and Future of Online Communities Presentation Annotated Bibliography […]

  2. kegill Says:

    Chris, need full dates of the personal interviews.

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